Research, Benefits and Cautions.

Choline has been found recently to be a vital nutrient in daily life. Choline is synthesized by the amino acid methionine, and Vitamins B-12 and Folic Acid, but there may not be enough produced to meet the body's general needs. Choline is also large player in fat metabolism, signal transmission inside cells, and is involved in many brain and nerve functions because of its production of acetyicholine.

How This Vitamin Works in Your Body:
Choline works to promote cell membrane integrity. As a constituent of Lecithin and Myelin, it is a major foundation of cell walls. Both of these are involved in neurotransmission and brain and nerve function.
As a neurotransmitter, Choline advances the releasing of acetylcholine.

Choline may help to prevent nervous system diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and tardive dyskinesia.
Because this vitamin removes fats from the liver, it may decrease damage caused by alcoholism and hepatitis, while even lowering the cholesterol level in human serum.
Correct levels of acetyicholine lead to better levels of mood, behavior, direction, and judgment.

Where This Vitamin is Found:
Breast milk
Calf liver
Egg yolk
Garbanzo beans (chickpeas)
Soy lecithin
Wheat germ

How to Use:
Choline may be best absorbed as Lecithin.

Available as:
Liquid: the best form due to its high bioavailability and fast absorption. Always choose liquid as your first choice when supplementing your diet.

Tablets: available

Recommended Daily Intakes
Men: 550mg
Women: 425mg
Pregnancy: 450mg
Lactation: 550mg

Consult your doctor if you have:
Intentions of treating Alzheimer's disease.

Over 55:
Not overly necessary.

Always consult doctor during pregnancy.

Always consult doctor during lactation.

Heat and/or moisture may alter the vitamin. Refrigeration is recommended.

Symptoms of Deficiency:
Symptoms include fatty liver or liver damage or liver cancer, fatty infiltration of the liver, nerve collapse, senile dementia, high cholesterol

Signs of Overdose:

Side Effects:
Reaction or effect : What to do
Fishy Body Odor : Discontinue. Consult doctor immediately.
Anemia : Discontinue. Consult doctor immediately.
Flushed face : Discontinue. Refer to your doctor soon.
Headache : Discontinue. Refer to your doctor soon.
Increased occurrence of urination : Discontinue. Refer to your doctor soon.
Abdominal cramps : Obtain emergency treatment immediately
Diarrhea : Decrease dose. Refer to your doctor soon.
Nausea or vomiting : Obtain emergency treatment immediately
Rebound scurvy-like symptoms : Decrease dosage gradually. Refer to your doctor soon.


Interacts with : Combined effect:
Methotrexate: Reduces Choline absorption rates
Nicotinic Acid (Vitamin B-3) : Reduces choline efficacy
Phenobarbital : Reduces Choline absorption rates


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